One of the recommended approaches to problem solving is the IDEAL model, from Bransford and Stein’s book Ideal Problem Solver. Their model addresses a problem in simple stages. After you implement a solution, you can revisit it to examine its quantifiable results and see what needs to be tweaked.
Problem Solving Stages:
- Identify the issue
- Define the obstacles
- Examine your options
- Act on an agreed course of action
- Look at how it turns out, and whether any changes need to be made.